索尼PS4和Xbox One之間的戰爭是開源與商業之戰的延續

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相信很多人根本就不知道PS系列的遊戲機曾經使用過Linux並且正在使用FreeBSD的操作系統,聽我這麼說你一定在想:「sony是不是他媽的瘋了」。2014年遊戲圈最大的新聞,毫無疑問始終圍繞著PS4和Xbox one。文武雙全上下班路上最大的樂趣就是去逛逛PS4和Xbox One的百度貼吧,每天看粉絲們吵吵真的是件其樂無比的事情。跟粉絲們各自的離場不同,文武雙全覺得索尼PS4和Xbox One之間的戰爭,實際上還是開源與商業之間戰爭的延續。

微軟討厭硬體廠商用非微軟的操作系統

微軟公司有無數個產品,但是毫無疑問他們最核心的產品還是windows操作系統。這些年文武雙全似乎看到了微軟的一個特質,他們特別討厭硬體廠商使用非本家的操作系統。各個領域內,只要你使用了非微軟的產品,微軟必須要搞一個自己的操作系統。有時候微軟還要赤膊上陣,你們不用老子的操作系統,老子就連硬體和軟體一起搞。最典型的案例就是:

1,索尼的遊戲機一直使用類Unix操作系統,微軟說你有種不用老子的操作系統,老子就搞個Xbox跟你對著干;

2,以前諾基亞囂張的時候全部搞Symbian系統,微軟同樣氣勢洶洶的搞了一個Windows Phone操作系統;

3,到了平板電腦時代谷歌的安卓和IOS幾乎統治了世界,微軟說媽個蛋老子不能忍啊,老子拼了老命也要搞Surface,老子還要強推windows 8;

從這三個案例當中,我們發現了一個非常有意思的現象。sony、諾基亞、谷歌所使用的武器都是開源軟體,他們一致對抗的是微軟的商業軟體。微軟幾乎成了商業軟體的代名詞,而與之對抗的則是整個開源世界以及對應的硬體廠商們。

索尼的PS3使用的是Linux操作系統

索尼的PS3遊戲機至今還在銷售,很多人其實並不知道PS3遊戲機使用的其實是Linux的操作系統。這是文武雙全並不太熟悉的一款操作系統,Yellow Dog Linux 5.0。這款操作系統本來是由Terra SOFT公司開發,基於當時大名鼎鼎的Redhat公司的Fedora Core 5所建立。而後來專為Power處理器架構提供軟體和服務方案的日本Fixstars公司收購了Terra Soft公司,因為PS3的處理器採用了基於IBM的PowerPC處理器開發的Cell CPU,因此索尼與Terra Soft的持續合作也就很好理解了。

文武雙全想說的是其實索尼使用開源的操作系統並不難理解,遊戲機的商業模式是前期賠錢賣主機,後期靠賣遊戲以及主機大批量生產、成本下降後的銷售利潤。為了降低PS3遊戲機的利潤,以及追求更高的性能,採用linux可以說是索尼的正確選擇。

索尼的PS4使用的是FreeBSD的操作系統

PS4

其實PS4上運行的是一款叫做的Orbis OS的Free BSD操作系統,Orbis OS實際上就是一款修改版的Free BSD9.0操作系統,而FreeBSD是一種類Unix操作系統。不僅僅是操作系統,在國外的網站上已經列舉出PS4上面使用的開源技術多達幾十種。文武雙全特地去開源網站上開Orbis OS的下載量,這款名不見經傳的操作系統已經好幾年沒更新了。在PS4開賣這麼久了,下載量幾乎為零。顯然人們對PS4使用什麼操作系統並不感興趣,感興趣的還是它有什麼好玩的遊戲。

微軟的Xbox One跑的是徹徹底底的Windows 8操作系統

作為人類最偉大的操作系統開發廠商,微軟的Xbox One跑的必須是自家的操作系統Windows 8。windows這些年不斷華麗升級,對硬體的佔用也水漲床高。就算是同樣的硬體配置,windows 8的執行效率必然比linux和freebsd要低。何況PS4的硬體配置還比Xbox One要高不少呢,所以這恐怕才是Xbox One被人嘲笑為Xbox 720的真相吧。索尼還提供了更加底層的API給開發者,執行效率據說也比微軟自家的DirectX要高。

PS4與Xbox One之戰是開源與商業之戰的延續

文武雙全只是一名開源軟體的愛好者以及一名資深屌絲玩家,在我看來PS4更像是開源軟體的大雜燴。找AMD這種屌絲IT公司開發CPU和GPU,用FreeBSD這種免費的操作系統,真的是能省就省啊。雖然Xbox One使用的是微軟自家的windows 8操作系統,你要說微軟不向Xbox One收版權費,打死我都不相信。恐怕DirectX圖形介面,都要收錢吧。so,總體來說PS4和Xbox One之間的戰爭,實際上就是開源與商業之戰的延續。而目前來看,PS4已經取得了開門紅。1000萬的銷售量,足以讓微軟嚇的喊媽。文武雙全也呼籲各位黑客大神們,速速破解Xbox One。未來文武雙全的打算是一台正版的PS4,外加一台破解版的Xbox One。

開源與商業之戰,本質是競爭

索尼絕對不是第一個利用開源軟體對付微軟並且大發橫財的公司,另外一個值得我們恐懼的公司就是IBM。國內目前搞的轟轟烈烈的去IOE運動,實際上也是開源與商業之戰的延續。我們不僅僅要拋棄那些高昂的硬體與軟體的收費,我們還要搞自己的開源軟體。

很多了解文武雙全的朋友都知道,文武雙全是個鐵杆的開源軟體支持者。不僅僅喜歡學習和使用各種開源軟體,而且還搞了一個Liunx遊戲基地(http://www.linuxgamebase.com)的網站,為推廣Linux遊戲而盡自己的一份力。開源與商業之爭,可以說是人類歷史上最大的一場戰爭。無數的人和公司參與到其中,實際上哪家公司輸贏都不重要,重要的是誰能在裡面賺錢。微軟搞商業軟體,賺的盆滿缽滿。索尼用開源軟體,也賺了不少錢。開源軟體與商業軟體之戰,恐怕永遠都沒有盡頭。但是因為競爭,索尼和微軟確在不斷的給玩家帶來牛叉的遊戲機以及好玩的遊戲。

重要的不是開源和商業,重要的是競爭。就像文武雙全前幾天的一個QQ簽名那樣:「沒有競爭,人民就沒有幸福生活!」其實文武雙全一直都不喜歡索尼,因為它是家日本公司。在中國人搞不出來遊戲機的情況下,咱也只能去買外國人的產品。我覺得看別人的開源與商業之爭,更重要的是反思為什麼我們只能旁觀。遊戲如人生,遊戲圈的很多道理,看來就是人類的縮影啊。

 

 

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